Determinants of Turkey’s citrus exports: a gravity model approach
New Medit, vol 15, n.3, (September 2016), pp. 37-42
Jel classification: Q17, C21, C23
In this paper, a gravity model approach was employed to analyse the primary factors that influence Turkey’s citrus exports to its major trading partners for the period 2007-2012. In accordance with the panel data analysis of the quantile regression that is calculated with the Bootstrap Method, more consistent results were obtained. The results indicate that international agreements, such as the trading partnership between the European Union and Turkey and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation agreement, have been observed as important determinants of citrus exports. Transportation costs, proxied by distance, are observed to have a negative influence on citrus exports. In addition, an increase in the real exchange rate in Turkey is estimated to benefit countries that produce cheaper citrus.
citrus exportation, data panel, quantile regression, gravity