The relationship between economic growth and environmental quality: the contributions of economic structure and agricultural policies
New Medit, vol 13, n.1, (March 2014), pp. 15-21
Jel classification: Q01, Q15, R11
Objectives of this paper is to verify whether the relationship between the level of per capita income and the environment quality, for the Italian regions, follows the prescription of an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), taking into account the contribution of agriculture and rural areas. The Arellano-Bond two-step dynamic panel data GMM estimator has been applied to a data set of the 20 Italian administrative regions referred to the 2000-2006 period. The environment quality is represented by the level of per capita CO2 emissions from the whole economy and by the level of per capita CO2 emissions from agriculture. The regression results show that i) the EKC prescription holds for the Italian regions, ii) the more agricultural regions are found on the rising section of the curve; iii) a greater intensity of expenditure, under the RDP regional agro-environmental and forestry measures, is positively associated to a more degraded environment.
Environmental Kuznets Curve, agricultural policies, regional planning, environmental degradation