Développement humain et gouvernance: cas du monde Arabe
New Medit, vol 11, n.2, (June 2012), pp. 29-38
Jel classification: O15, D63, D73, P51
The objective of this research is to show that development is dependent not only on the economic or social sphere but also on the institutional sphere, and that the backwardness of Arab countries in terms of development is explained by poor governance, in particular the absence of civil and political freedom. For the year 2009, we develop a comparative analysis of the ranks of Arab countries according to the Gross Domestic Product / Capita (WB), the Human Development Index (UNDP) and Governance Indicators (KKZ) compared to a group of countries that are part of developed countries, the CEECs, Latin America and Asia, supposedly as a benchmark or model country in order to explain the difference between their developmental trajectories. The analysis shows that the only reference to per capita income or HDI does not explain the differences in development between countries but also institutional quality is the source of this difference. To explain the delayed development of Arab countries compared to the benchmark countries we propose to identify key institutional factors which are responsible for the delay. The statistical tool proposed is the Factor Analysis.
human development, institutional sphere, Arab country, governance, economic system